Ephesus, Robber Council of


Ephesus, Robber Council of
   Later declared invalid by the Council of Chalcedon (q.v.), this council met in 449 to depose Flavian, patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) and to approve Monophysitism (q.v.). As with the Council of Ephesus (q.v.) in 431, theological controversy was mixed with ecclesiastical rivalry between the sees of Alexandria (q.v.) and Constantinople. Dioskoros, patriarch of Alexandria after Cyril (qq.v.), espoused the doctrine that after the Incarnation, Christ's two natures were united into one nature (mono physis). This doctrine was taken up in Constantinople by the monk, Eutyches (q.v.), who was condemned by Flavian. However, Eutyches's godson Chrysaphios, a powerful court minister, convinced Theodosios II (q.v.) to call this so-called Robber Council in 449, dominated by Dioskoros. Flavian was deposed, and Eutyches was declared Orthodox (q.v.). Pope Leo I's (q.v.) opposition to Monophysitism was expressed in a letter that the council refused to accept. Thus, the see of Alexandria triumphed again, but its victory was short-lived, for two years later the Council of Chalcedon reversed its decisions.

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  • Ephesus, Robber Council of — • The Acts of the first session of this synod were read at the Council of Chalcedon, 451, and have thus been preserved. The remainder of the Acts are known only through a Syriac translation by a Monophysite monk, published from the British Museum …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Robber Council of Ephesus (Latrocinium) —     Robber Council of Ephesus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Robber Council of Ephesus     (LATROCINIUM).     The Acts of the first session of this synod were read at the Council of Chalcedon, 451, and have thus been preserved to us. The remainder …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Robber Council — or Robber Synod noun A council held at Ephesus in 449, afterwards repudiated, which reinstated Eutyches (from the violence of its proceedings) • • • Main Entry: ↑rob …   Useful english dictionary

  • Council of Chalcedon —     Council of Chalcedon     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Council of Chalcedon     The Fourth Ecumenical Council, held in 451, from 8 October until 1 November inclusive, at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor. Its principal purpose was to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Chalcedon — Date 451 A.D. Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans Previous council First Council of Ephesus Next council Second Council of Constantinople …   Wikipedia

  • Ephesus — • A titular archiespiscopal see in Asia Minor, said to have been founded in the eleventh century B.C. by Androcles, son of the Athenian King Codrus, with the aid of Ionian colonists Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ephesus     Eph …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Robber Synod — Robber Council or Robber Synod noun A council held at Ephesus in 449, afterwards repudiated, which reinstated Eutyches (from the violence of its proceedings) • • • Main Entry: ↑rob …   Useful english dictionary

  • Council of Pisa —     Council of Pisa     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Council of Pisa     Preliminaries.     The great Schism of the West had lasted thirty years (since 1378), and none of the means employed to bring it to an end had been successful. Compromise or… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ephesus — Infobox Settlement official name = Ephesus (Polytonic|Ἔφεσος) other name = (Efes) native name = Ancient City of Anatolia imagesize = 280px image caption = The Celsus LibraryLocation map Turkey label=Ephesus label size=100 lat=37.939722… …   Wikipedia

  • Ephesus —    One of the great coastal cities ofAsia Minor (q.v.) in classical antiquity; capital of the Roman province of Asia. A flourishing seaport, as well as a center of commerce and finance, made it one of the most prosperous of the major cities along …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium